The department of Legal Metrology came into inception in the state in the year in 1961 to adopt metric system in trade and commerce as per the policy at the national level. The department was earlier known as Weights and Measures and was under the administrative control of Revenue department. In the year 2003, the department was brought under the administrative control of Ministry of Consumer Affairs and Public Distribution.

The department of Legal Metrology is working for the cause of consumer. It is a frontline organization conducting extensive market- checking to prevent unfair trade practices relating to weights and measures/Packaged commodities/Liquefied Petroleum Gas/Adulteration of Petroleum Products etc in the markets. The department is regulating use of correct weighing and measuring instruments in production, trade and commerce to ensure that exact weight, measure and number of any commodity is provided to any customer as contracted for or paid for by him. It also safeguards consumer's interest by ensuring mandatory declarations on packaged commodities.

The Department carries out regular/surprise inspections in markets, fair price shops, kerosene oil depots, petrol pumps, gas agencies etc. to check whether measuring and weighing units bear valid verification stamp and deliver correct weight, measure or volume of commodities to consumers. Inspections are also conducted on receipt of complaint from any source either in writing or telephonically. Action for short measurement, use of defective and non-standard weights and measures is taken as per provision of relevant Act and Rules.

The Department undertakes verification of auto-rickshaws/taxi fare meters, tank lorries, and petrol dispensing units. It also conducts regular checking of fare meters of auto rickshaw/taxies on road in association with Traffic Police.

LPG retail-outlets are regularly being checked to prevent diversion of domestic cylinders to any commercial establishment. Home delivery to consumers in different localities is ensured. Petrol pumps are being routinely checked for adulteration of fuel/stock variation etc. The samples are being taken and sent to forensic laboratory for analysis.
The department is holding seminars/workshops in schools/colleges and in public places to educate students/common people about their rights as consumer. Printed material is distributed to general public to disseminate consumer information. The field executives are authorized under J & K Consumer Protection Act,1987 to lodge complaints in consumer courts as a representative of consumer.